The Archaeological Park of Paestum
One of the most beautiful attractions to visit, at least once in a lifetime is the “Archaeological Park of Paestum”, inscribed since 1998 in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Archaeological Park of Paestum is an expression of Greek civilization in all its charm and richness. In February 2020 the “Archaeological Park of Paestum “was combined with the” excavations of Velia” creating a real Archaeological Park of Cilento, many emotions to experience and discover ancient Greece in one place.
The history of the city of Paestum
The history of Paestum is very ancient and especially eventful: the origin of the city dates back to the distant VII BC by the Greeks of Sybaris who in the same period also began the colonization of southern Italy and Sicily which then took the name of Magna Grecia. The first name of Paestum was Poseidonia, in honor of the “God of the sea”, then after being conquered by the Lucanians in 273 bc it became a Roman colony with the name of Paestum.
What to see in the Archaeological Park of Paestum?
In the “Archaeological Park of Paestum” there are many extraordinary archaeological finds to visit, which with their history will make the visit a unique and different experience from the others. Among the many wonderful monuments present, those not to be missed are: the temples, the amphitheater, the forum with comitium, the sanctuaries and the Necropolis, where one of the most famous tombs in the world was found, the incredible and fascinating “Tomb of the diver”.
THE TEMPLES OF PAESTUM
The temples of Paestum are among the most important architectural works inherited from Magna Graecia still in excellent condition. Thanks to their beauty and resistance over time, they make Paestum one of the most important archaeological parks of Magna Grecia, together with the Valley of the temples of Agrigento.
Now let’s see what are the most significant:
THE TEMPLE OF HERA OR BASILICA
The Temple of Hera, also called Basilica, is in the south of the archaeological area, next to the Temple of Neptune. The construction of the Basilica of Paestum began around the year 550 BC, it is a Doric temple dedicated to Hera, The Goddess of fertility.
THE TEMPLE OF NEPTUNE
The Temple of Neptune is the largest in the Archaeological Park of Paestum. The temple was built a century after that of Hera, around 460 BC in travertine.
THE TEMPLE OF ATHENA
The Temple of Athena, also known as the Temple of Ceres, was made on an artificial relief that places it higher than the entire ancient city of Paestum.
THE TOMB OF THE DIVER
Inside the Archaeological Museum of Paestum among the many historical finds, there is a unique and incredible piece: The Tomb of the diver. One of the most famous tombs found to date, built around 470 BC The Tomb of the diver is a very rare example of Greek painting. It embellished a tomb found in a necropolis 2 km south of Paestum.
The walls are painted with symposium scenes (it was the convention of adult male citizens at the banquet and entertainments), in this case in honor of the deceased who is represented at the moment when he plunges into the afterlife. The concept of the afterlife was very strong in the ancient world, a way of thinking different from that of the Egyptians, a philosophical thought born of great personalities of antiquity such as: Plato, Parmenides and Pythagoras. The latter had a different idea of death than the peoples of the past, because they lived it as a metaphysical experience of liberation of the soul.
How to get to the Archaeological Park of Paestum?
Paestum is well connected to Naples, so you can easily reach it by car, you can also choose to travel by public transport, arriving at Paestum station by train. If instead you would like to reach the “Archaeological Park of Paestum” more comfortably by car, thus giving you the opportunity to enjoy this wonderful experience to the fullest, you can travel with us: NapoliNCC private transfers will take you wherever you prefer, with flexible hours and a professional driver at your disposal. If you want to visit the city of Paestum, you can also discover the services offered by Shore Excursion – Tours & Experiences, contact us and let’s define together the best solution for you!
Do you want to know more about the “Archaeological Park of Paestum“”: If you want to organize the tour to visit the Archaeological Park of Paestum you can find info on costs, schedules and booking methods on the official website of the Archaeological Park.